The roots of these fabulous mountain railways in India were roped during the British rule. In the year of 1844, the then British Viceroy of India, Sir John Lawrence came up with the idea of establishing a railway network in the hills of the Himalayas to make a better and easier route for the British troops that were stationed in these hill areas.
The British officers termed it as the Hill Railways in their proposal to establish a rail network among the hill areas of the Himalays, Shimla, Darjeeling, Nilgiri, Kangara Valley and Matheran.
With a rich heritage of scenic mountains and an engineering excel in its railway system, India is one of those very few countries to achieve engineering pinnacle in the abode of nature. There are seven railways on mountains in India. They are:
Among these mountain railway lines, the Kashmir railway line is operational since 2005 while the Darjeeling Himalayan railway line, the Kalka-Shimla railway line and the Kangra Valley railway line are in the hill regions of the Himalayas in northern India. While the Nilgiri railway line is in southern India and the Matheran Hill railway line is in the western India. The other railway line Lumding-Silchar railway line is deep inside Assam, in the Barak river valley of the Cachar hills.
Three of these seven mountain railway lines - The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka–Shimla Railway have collectively been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site! UNESCO has widely and openly applauded the mountain railways of India saying “The two Mountain Railways of India on the World Heritage List are outstanding examples of the interchange of values on developments in technology, and the impact of innovative transportation system on the social and economic development of a multicultural region, which was to serve as a model for similar developments in many parts of the world.”
India with a lot of geographical diversity and rich cultural experiences has a great tourism potential for the visitors, explorers and travellers.
Europe tourism is like a cinematic experience with a lot to explore from Italy to Germany and from France to England. With a vibrancy of museums, architecture, nightlife, restaurants, islands and picturesque mountains - deciding where to go can be very difficult when it comes to planning a tour to Europe.